Recently published paper titled Not only climate change: mobility, vulnerability and socio-economic transformations in environmentally fragile areas of Bolivia, Senegal and Tanzania by Cecilia Tacoli (2011) argues that “migration is better defined as an adaptive response to socioeconomic, cultural, political and environmental transformations, in most instances closely linked to the need to diversify income sources and reduce dependence on natural resources. Drawing on case studies in Bolivia, Senegal and Tanzania, it describes how environmental change at the local level interacts with other factors to shape migration patterns, and how such patterns in turn affect the livelihoods and resilience of individuals, households and communities in areas experiencing the impacts of climate change in the form of desertification, soil degradation, disrupted rainfall patterns and changes in temperature.”
Commission on Climate Change and Development published in March 2009 a report Accommodating Migration to Promote Adaptation to Climate Change that talks about climate change and migration (authors Jon Barnett and Michael Webber). It explains the ways in which climate change may increase future migration, and the risks associated with such migration. It also examines the way some of the migration that will arise from climate change may enhance the capacity of communities to adapt to climate change. The authors suggest that the serious risks arising from migration exacerbated by climate change can be avoided through careful policy. The report describes some policy responses that could minimize the risks associated with migration in response to climate change, and to maximize the ways in which migration can increase adaptive capacity.
The following links provide articles about the sea-level rise published by SPUR – nonprofit organization that promotes good planning and governance in the San Francisco Bay Area. San Francisco Bay and Development Commission already expressed their concerns with the sea level rise in the Living with a Rising Bay: Vulnerability and Adaptation in San Francisco Bay and on its Shoreline report from 2009, that discusses similar concerns and adaptation strategies for confronting anticipated climate change impacts and sea-level rise in the Bay.
The photo from the article shows a hotel in Isle of Palms, South Carolina in attempt to keep the encroaching seas out with mounds of sea bags. (image retrieved from Panoramio)